Rural Development Process
For recreation economies
- Establishing a Shared Vision for Change Our vision is to help community stakeholders invest in a shared recreation resource to generate positive outcomes for the health and vitality of this region.
- Mapping the Landscape Analysis of baseline data to identify key issues and gaps, through completition of a community assesment report and recreation economies asset map.
- Participatory Research Identifying indicators applicable to recreation economies, measuring performance indicators, and sharing an approach to sucess.
- Regional Branding & Identity A regional identity system and style guide were developed that allow residents an opportunity to be part of the forest story.
- Business and Entrepreneurial Development The Mon Forest Business Initiative offers business advice and funding assistance for professional services to any businesses located within the 10 counties of the MNF.
- Recreation Infrastructure Development Creating resources and new opportunities in support of the state's recreation economy.
- What's Next Looking to the future: defining goals, strategy, and an action plan
Establishing a Shared Vision for Change
|Monongahela National Forest Recreation Economies Steering Committee members:|
|Doug Arbogast||West Virginia University Extension Service Rural Tourism Specialist|
|Alex Schlueter||North Zone Recreation Staff Officer|
|Cindy Sandeno||USFS District Ranger, Marlinton Ranger District|
|Brandi Bramwell||USDA Rural Development Director of Business & Cooperative Programs & Rural Development Coordinator|
| Emily Wilson-Hauger
||Woodlands Development Group
|Kristen Sanford||USFS Americorps|
| Emily Culp
Mon Forest Towns’ vision is to build and maintain an economy that thrives off sustainable recreation, tourism, healthy landscapes, and active land management while preserving each town’s character.
- Provide a Gateway for Escape, Exploration, and Adventure in Diverse Landscapes.
- Build Sustainable Recreation Opportunities through Community Engagement.
- Foster a Recreation Economy with Direct and Indirect Benefits for the Local Community.
|Five Pillars for Developing Recreation Economies:|
|Community Health and Wellness|
|Business and Entrepreneurial Development|
|Regional Branding and Marketing|
| Sustainable Trail and Recreation Development
| Rural Workforce Development
Creating the Backbone Organization
The Mon Forest Towns Marketing Committee includes representatives from the Convention and Visitors Bureaus in the region as well as other local stakeholders interested in supporting regional branding and marketing efforts. The marketing committee meets monthly and provides oversight and coordination to the Mon Forest Towns website, regional signage plan, regional marketing plan, and social media
The Marketing Committee chair is Cara Rose, Executive Director of the Pocahontas County Convention and Visitors Bureau
The Mon Forest Towns grants committee supports the growth and sustainability of the Mon Forest Towns partnership by identifying and securing funding to support projects that lead to measurable improvements in the recreation economy in the Mon Forest Towns region. The MFT grants committee includes representatives from the Economic Development Authorities, Planning and Development Councils, non-profit organizations, local foundations, and state agencies. The MFT grants committee meets monthly.
Mapping the Landscape and Analyzing Baseline Data to Identify Key Issues and Gaps
Community AssessmentsThe WVU Rural Tourism Specialist developed a recreation economies gateway community assessment form. The FS Resource Assistants met with local stakeholders to conduct gateway community assessments in order to identify each community’s strengths and weaknesses related to recreation economies. Assessment categories included: trail to town connection, safety, parking, bike parking, signage, business/services, marketing/promotion, general impressions, streetscape, storefronts, amenities, character, trailheads and trail access among other items. A report highlighting common strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities was published and presented to the communities. Download the Gateway Community Assessment Report
The goal of this asset mapping work is to provide a comprehensive inventory and mapped representation of available tourism and recreation resources. A related analysis of recreation infrastructure needs and gaps is included. In addition to gaps in existing amenities, gaps in available data sources may also be identified through this process. The results of the asset mapping can then be used in promotional materials and online mapping to further community and economic development for the region.
Specifically, tourism and recreation related assets include local and state managed recreational facilities (parks, trails, recreational sites, other specially designated areas), cultural venues, and historic sites; as well as business locations of interest to visitors including restaurants, accommodations, specialty retail establishments, grocery stores, convenience stores, agri-tourism sites, and more.
Mapping of these resources involves developing an up-to-date, comprehensive inventory of the assets themselves, including recording an accurate spatial location for each feature. Community involvement in the asset mapping process can include data collection on additional assets, classification of status of each asset (i.e. “visitor ready”), as well as identification of potential data gaps. Results of asset mapping can be presented to interested parties and/or the public using interactive online mapping tools such as ArcGIS Online and other similar web mapping platforms.
This work is being completed by the Natural Resource Analysis Center (NRAC) within the Davis College at West Virginia University. The NRAC is a multi-disciplinary research facility that conducts geospatially-based research, teaching and service focused on environmental and natural resource issues for West Virginia and the surrounding region. NRAC has supported many past projects in recreation and tourism data development and GIS mapping support for West Virginia, including the successful designation of the Snowshoe Highlands IMBA Ride Center by the International Mountain Biking Association.
The Community Engagement Lab (CEL) in the School of Design and Community Development provides technical assistance in the community design and planning process. All projects undertaken by the CEL are participatory and capacity-building, bringing the expertise of faculty and the energy of students to solve critical problems of design in communities. Faculty and students propose to take a regional approach to design & planning, finding common themes and connections to amplify in considering alternative futures for community development. CEL faculty possess experience and expertise in community design, planning & visioning facilitating the process in partnership with local stakeholders in order to build local capacity and focused strategic planning.
Participatory ResearchThe WVU Rural Tourism Design Team conducts transdisciplinary, mixed-methods participatory research to help guide tourism destinations in planning and decision-making. Data is collected using both quantitative and qualitative research methods in order to solicit input from a broad spectrum of stakeholders.
Arbogast, D., Butler, P., Faulkes, E., Eades, D., Deng, J., Maumbe, K., & Smaldone, D. (2020). Using social design to visualize outcomes of sustainable tourism planning: a multiphase, transdisciplinary approach. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management.
Economic Impact Analysis
In order to determine if environmental, economic, and social conditions are being positively impacted by recreation economies initiatives, metrics including employment, unemployment, income, household earnings, educational attainment, and population change (both broadly and for specific demographics, i.e., 25-34 year olds) must be tracked annually for individual counties and the larger region. Changes in visitation and visitor spending; changes or anticipated changes to employment, business spending, worker and proprietor incomes, etc.; and industry trends and local issues should be considered by local stakeholders to encourage growth and maintain the competitiveness of local recreation and tourism businesses in the broader economy.Mon Forest Towns Economic and Quality of Life Indicators Report
Regional Branding and Marketing
Creating a Regional Identity
A branding of the symbiotic relationship of these communities with the Forest could help continue the benefits of working together that could grow the economies of the towns and promote environmentally responsible travel as well as sustainable planning. Working with communities and Forest Service, a brand was co-designed that residents could see as opportunities to be part of the forest story.
Such a system will allow for cooperation among communities with a vision of offering a week of experiences for visitors that allow for towns who identify with nearby attractions such as the Cass Railroad or Seneca Rocks to be recognized as unique within a trail of linked opportunities.
Meetings were facilitated by WVU Graphic Design and Rural Tourism Specialist in each MNF gateway community in 2018 to gather local stakeholder input into the process and co-design a regional identity. Local stakeholders were guided through the social design process and asked to help design an identity that will unite the gateway communities and also promote the unique aspects of each town. An identity system and style guide were finalized in early 2019.
Funding was secured to design and install a welcome/gateway sign for each of the current participating Mon Forest Towns. In addition to the gateway signs, funding from the US Forest Service and the Claude Worthington Benedum Foundation provides mini-grants for each town to support priority signage projects including wayfinding, kiosks, interpretive signs, a billboard, and rack cards. A WVU Graphic Design student, Skylar Spence, is working with Eve Faulkes, chair of the Graphic Design program, and the communities to design signage. In addition, a grant from the Central Appalachian Network supports merchandise including bumper stickers and window clings.
A marketing committee was established in 2020 which includes participation from each of the Convention and Visitors Bureaus in the region along with other strategic partners. The marketing committee is working with the WVU Graphic Design program to develop a website that will go live in fall 2020 and include an interactive asset map, stories, and detailed information for each town. Stay tuned as additional regional branding and marketing initiatives unfold.
Business and Entrepreneurial Development
The Mon Forest Business Initiative
With funding support from an ARC/EDA/Benedum grant, the Woodlands Development Group and Natural Capital Investment Fund, Mon Forest Business Initiative offers business advice and funding assistance for professional services to any businesses located within the 10 counties of the Monongahela National Forest region of West Virginia. Below is a brief summary of program accomplishments to date:
- Businesses assisted in the last year – 48 (advisors one-on-one assistance, third-party TA assistance, and group trainings)
- Communities served – 21 (Beverly, Canaan, Cassity, Circleville, Davis, Duo, Durbin, Elkins, Franklin, Lewisburg, Mt. Storm, Montrose, Parsons, Petersburg, Philippi, Richwood, Ronceverte, Thomas, Valley Bend, Webster Springs, White Sulphur Springs)
- Jobs created – 8.5
- Jobs retained – 27
- Loans approved - $983,500 (7 closed totaling $599,500, 3 in underwriting)
Interpretive Guide TrainingWith funding support from the USFS Tucker Community Foundation agreement 10 Canaan Valley Master Naturalists were able to attend a National Association of Interpretation Certified Interpretive Guide Training offered by WVU’s Rural Tourism Specialist and become Certified Interpretive Guides. The interpretive programs they developed were offered at Canaan Valley State Park in the spring, summer, and fall of 2018. A 2019 Flex-e-Grant from the West Virginia Development Office will provide funding for 15 additional guides from the MNF to become Certified Interpretive Guides. The four-day Certified Interpretive Guide Training is being offered to provide a certification in interpretation through the National Association of Interpretation. The NAI CIG training and certification is being recognized as the standard for interpretive guides across the country and internationally.
Recreation Infrastructure Development
Snowshoe-Highlands Ride CenterIn 2018, a partnership was established with Snowshoe Mountain Resort, Pocahontas County CVB, US Forest Service, Poca Trails, WVU, IMBA, Town of Marlinton, Pocahontas County Commission, Greenbank NRAO, WV State Parks and Forests, and surrounding communities. The vision is to become the hub of a thriving mountain biking community by making Pocahontas County, WV and the surrounding region a marquee biking destination. Project partners collaborated in 2018 to conduct a comprehensive inventory of mountain bike trails and classify them according to difficulty level and develop a database and ARC GIS online map which includes trails, other recreation resources, and supporting services and amenities.
This information was then entered into the IMBA Ride Center application and organized according to their application criteria and submitted to IMBA in July, 2018. IMBA conducted a comprehensive Ride Center assessment in the spring of 2019 and announced in early August 2019 that the newest recipient of their IMBA Ride Center™ designation is the Snowshoe Highlands Ride Center located in Pocahontas County, West Virginia awarded Bronze level.
According to the Ride Center assessment report, IMBA recognized that a strong coalition of stakeholders, including commercial operations (Snowshoe Resort), local advocates (Pocahontas Trails), and land managers (United States Forest Service) is working towards improving the quality and quantity of trails in the region. According Dave Wiens, IMBA Executive Director, “It is our pleasure to welcome Snowshoe Highlands as IMBA’s newest Ride Center, and first Ride Center in West Virginia. The IMBA Ride Center designation solidifies the enthusiasm for mountain biking in Snowshoe Highlands and recognizes it as one of today's exceptional mountain bike destinations.” More information can be found at IMBA's website.In 2020 the Snowshoe Highlands Area Recreation Coalition (SHARC) was formed with the goal to achieve Silver level Ride Center designation in 2020 and develop a strategic plan for regional trail and service/amenity improvements in order to become the first Gold level Ride Center on the east coast.
Performance AgendasIn 2020 a Performance Agenda will be developed for Mon Forest Towns which includes a shared vision for tourism and goals, objectives, and action strategies with listed responsible parties as well as the development of a mini-grant program, assistance program for project partners, and identification of needed additional resources. In addition to the development of the Performance Agenda, funding was received through a grant from the Benedum Foundation to incorporate the Mon Forest Towns identity system into a regional signage plan, finish the Mon Forest Towns website and regional asset map, and conduct trail planning in partnership with the International Mountain Biking Association to connect communities to trails and capture economic opportunities for mountain bike trail development.
WV Community Development Hub HUB CAP ProgramThrough WV Community Development Hub HUB CAP ProgramThrough the support of the USDA Rural Community Development Initiative program, the One Foundation and the Claude Worthington Benedum Foundation, the WV Community Development Hub has completed three rounds of its HubCAP Communities of Achievement program, providing multi-year community development coaching, technical assistance and project execution support to 21 communities in West Virginia. Each iteration of the program has been an improvement on the previous round, improving and refining the program to ensure that the highest quality of support is provided to each new class. In Fall 2020, The Hub will launch the fourth round of our HubCAP program working with the communities of Cowen, Franklin, Petersburg, Elkins, Marlinton and White Sulphur Springs.
- $55,000 USFS Joint Chiefs funding. Supported WVU community engagement to provide meeting facilitation, asset mapping, interpretive guide training, student support, and develop the Mon Forest Towns brand.
- $8,000 Flex-e-grant from West Virginia Development Office to WVU to support asset mapping for IMBA Ride Center.
- $3,446 WVU Community Engagement Grant for community design in Marlinton, WV
- $7,500 WVU Davis/Extension College seed grant to develop recreation economy indicators of success
- $8,000 Flex-e-Grant for 15 guides to become Certified Interpretive Guides.
- Woodlands Development Group and Natural Capital Investment Fund secured $1.3 million grant from ARC, EDA, and Benedum to support entrepreneurial development in the MNF gateway communities.
- $185,000 Claude Worthington Benedum Foundation Grant in 2020 to support development of a performance agenda, website, asset map, signage plan, signage mini-grants, and MTB trail planning under resources attained.